We are in the process of updating this information to a newer website. Please visit us at www.craigwalsh.eu
WISER from NIEDERGÖSGEN/SO
Niedergösgen is a community in the district of Gösgen, canton Solothurn, a parish village with a former castle of the barons of Gösgen. Originally it was called “Bötzbach” and was built 1229 or 1230 by Gertrud I from Gösgen into a castle. Niedergösgen remained in the possession of the family Gösgen until 1444. The castle was then captured and burned by the Solothurnians. In 1458 the dominion was finally taken over by Solothurn, the destroyed castle was reconstructed and became residence of the new administration. In 1798 the castle was destroyed by the French army. Niedergösgen belonged to the parish of Stüsslingen until 1838, when it was made into a parish of its own. Part of the castle ruin was built into the Catholic church. Please click here for aerial photographs of the castle.
Short history of the Wiser family from Niedergösgen.
Documentary the Wiser family, formerly also written as Wyser and Wieser, can be traced in Niedergösgen from the first half of the 16th century:
In this year we find a Heiny Wiser from Niedergösgen among the citizens who swore, before the bailiff, the civic rights.
1) (Tractatenbuch p. 102)
Already in the 16th century we find in the records (Urbare, Grundbücher = land register) some Wiser in Niedergösgen who were land owners. Towards the end of the 16th century they were already a respected family.
Hans Wiser (our ancestor) from Niedergösgen received from the government of Solothurn a dress in the State colors (in his function as a beadle) 2) (Rats-Manual 1585, p. 22).
Jacob Wiser (son of Hans Wiser), beadle in Niedergösgen, is mentioned 3) (Gösgen-Acten, vol. 7, p. 400).
The house of the above Jacob Wiser was burned down. 4) (Gösgen-Schreiben, vol. 2, p. 343).
A fine was reduced to Jacob Wiser, the beadle 5) (RM 1600, p. 297).
In the land register of Gösgen we find the beadle Heini Wiser, son of Jacob Wiser, as a land owner 6) (Urbar Gösgen 1619, p. 904, 906, 908, 909).
The above mentioned beadle Heini Wiser received from the government material for a dress 7) (RM 1626, p. 495).
The government allows Lorentz Wiser, beadle from Niedergösgen, to lay out a small garden at the requested place. 8) (RM 1644, p. 449)
Franz Wiser, beadle and innkeeper in Niedergösgen, was granted the “right to keep an inn" for his inn called "To the White Cross" 9) (RM 1683, 20.10)
Niedergösgen belonged to the parish of Stüsslingen/SO. The government of Solothurn decided in. the year 1580, that the priests should enter the baptisms and marriages carefully in a book, according to the resolution of the council of Trient. The priest of Stüsslingen, however, has started the books only in the year 1705. We can therefore exactly follow the Wiser family from Niedergösgen only starting from this date.
From various records in the State archives in Solothurn I have looked up the beadles from Niedergösgen before 1705, who can be taken most probably for ancestors of the Wiser family. At that time the charge of a State beadle was transferable from father to son.
From the book of baptisms from Stüsslingen, starting 1705, it was possible to research the generation of Felix Wiser, as the first generation of Wiser from Niedergösgen.
1st generation: FELIX WISER from Niedergösgen 1684-1724
(innkeeper, farmer and beadle in Niedergösgen)
Felix Wiser, son of Franz Wiser, beadle and innkeeper in Niedergösgen, was born in 1684 (According to an entry in the death book, he died 1724, at the age of 40). He married, before 1705, Barbara Schenker. The couple had ten children:
All the children were born in Niedergösgen and baptized in the church of Stüsslingen.
Felix Wiser was a clever man. From his father he took over the inn “To the White Cross” as well as the charge of beadle from Niedergösgen. He also owned a rather big farm. Felix Wiser died rather young, at the age of 40 years, on February 5, 1724. The widow, Barbara Schenker, continued with the inn and the farm. For the underage children an orphan's ward was appointed.
The inventory over the pecuniary circumstances of Felix Wiser was made on February 10, 1724. l0) (Inventare and Teilungen Gösgen 1708-1731, vol. 4, Nr. 29). The property left was estimated to 5,174 pounds:
According to the widow's wish, Barbara Schenker, the division of the property and handing over to the children took place on December 10, 1731. 11) (Inventare und Teilungen Gösgen 1728-1741, vol. 5, Nr. 4).
The widow at first kept the house with the inn “To the White Cross,” with the orchard and some meadows. The heirs were:
The property and the debts were distributed among the children by lot. Each of the heirs received land and so on in the amount of 267 pounds. After the death of their mother, the house with the inn "To the White Cross" was taken over by the son Franz Wiser. Barbara Schenker died February 26, 1736.
2nd generation: FRANCISCUS WISER from Niedergösgen (1709-1784)
(innkeeper and beadle in Gösgen)
Franciscus Wiser, son of Felix Wiser and Barbara Schenker, was born in Niedergösgen and baptized November 3, 1709 in the church of Stüsslingen. He grew up with his brothers and sisters in his father's house in Niedergösgen and on February 4, 1732 he married in Stüsslingen Anna Soland from Kienberg/SO. She was the daughter of Ursus Soland and Elisabeth Ripstein, born and baptized January 22, 1707 in Kienberg. Anna Soland gave birth to seven children.
All children were born in Niedergösgen and baptized in the church of Stüsslingen.
Franciscus Wiser was, like his father Felix Wiser, an able man. He was farmer, innkeeper and town clerk (apparitor) in Niedergösgen. During his marriage he also bought a farmhouse and the upper house in Niedergösgen. Franciscus Wiser died at the age of 75 years, on March 15, 1784. The inventory was made April 20, 1784. 12) (Inventare und Teilungen Lostorf 1783-1790, vol. 24, Nr. 103).
The heirs: Georg, Franz, Urs and Joseph Wiser (the sons) and Catharina and Madle Wiser (the daughters)
The children agreed to a usufructuary contract with the widow, Anna Soland, as follows: she retained a living room, bedroom and a cellar in the dwelling house, one bed with three plumeau cases and sheets, fruits, butter, oil and so on as well as 106 pounds a year. The two daughters let their brothers have the land, the houses, securities, and the agricultural utensils, for which each daughter received the amount of 1,300 pounds and the son Georg, who was blind, received 300 pounds more than the sisters.
Anna Soland, the wife of Franciscus Wiser, died after 1784.
3rd Generation: JOSEPHUS CONRADUS GEORGIUS WISER from Niedergösgen (1755-1830)
Josephus Conradus Georgius Wiser, later on called Joseph, son of Franciscus Wiser and Anna Soland, was born in Niedergösgen and baptized February 12, 1755 in the church of Stüsslingen. He grew up in his father's house with his brothers and sisters and married Katharina Schennker, daughter of Ursus Schenker from Obergösgen February 9, 1779 in Stüsslingen. The couple had eleven children:
All the children were born in Niedergösgen and baptized in the church of Stüsslingen.
Joseph Wiser became a farmer. He had inherited the paternal dwelling house and some meadows and fields from his parents. During the marriage Joseph Wiser bought a second house, Nr. 86, with a smithy and a hatmakers workshop, as well as some arable land.
The couple, Joseph Wiser and Katharina Schenker, gave over their property to their children, as mentioned in the inventory. 13) (Inventare und Teilungen Niedergösgen 1822-1831, vol. 2, Nr. 9).
Heirs were the sons Konrad, Salus, Franz, Joseph, Alois and Johannes Wiser and the daughters Elisabeth and Katharina Wiser.
Usufructuary contract: Joseph Wiser and Katharina Schenker let their children have all the goods mentioned in the inventory, however, they retained:
Compensation to the daughters: The six sons take over the complete property mentioned inn the inventory and pay to each of the sisters 680 pounds or 1,020 Swiss francs.
Division of the heritage among the sons:
The division was made by lot.
Katharina Schenker died on August 23, 1826. Joseph Wiser died on February 14, 1830 at the age of 75 years. They were both buried in Niedergösgen.
4th generation: ALOIS WISER from Niedergösgen (1797-1870)
5th generation: BRUNO WISER from Niedergösgen (1841-1895)
The most important personalities of the Wiser family from Niedergösgen:
• ALOIS WISER (1797-1870) colonel of the Swiss Army,1817-1820 in service of the Netherlands, 1822-1830; in French service, where he distinguished himself as officer and received the Order of the Holy Ferdinand, war commissioner of Switzerland, manager of the arsenal. (See the Herzog family history.)
• OTTO WISER (1835-1914) son of Alois Wiser, manager of the silk ribbon factory of Alexander Bally in Schönenwerd/SO, 1876 and 1881-1887 councilor of the canton Solothurn, military rank of battalion commander.
• KONRAD WISER (1805-1871) son of Konrad Wiser, councilor of the canton Solothurn (1856-1871).
August 1994 Kurt F. Laube
Copyright © 1998-2008 - Lucies Farm Ltd. - Please contact Company Webmaster with corrections or comments.